Java格式化JSON输出的两种方式

  • 12

Java格式化JSON输出的两种方式

阿里FastJson

引用FastJson对应的Pom文件

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
  <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
  <version>1.2.58</version>
</dependency>

示例代码

public static void main(String[] args) {

    String jsonString = "{\"_index\":\"book_shop\",\"_type\":\"it_book\",\"_id\":\"1\",\"_score\":1.0," +
            "\"_source\":{\"name\": \"Java编程思想(第4版)\",\"author\": \"[美] Bruce Eckel\",\"category\": \"编程语言\"," +
            "\"price\": 109.0,\"publisher\": \"机械工业出版社\",\"date\": \"2007-06-01\",\"tags\": [ \"Java\", \"编程语言\" ]}}";
 
    JSONObject object = JSONObject.parseObject(jsonString);
    String pretty = JSON.toJSONString(object, SerializerFeature.PrettyFormat, SerializerFeature.WriteMapNullValue, 
            SerializerFeature.WriteDateUseDateFormat);
 
    System.out.println(pretty);
}

输出验证

//FastJson通过Tab键进行换行后的格式化。
{
	"_index":"book_shop",
	"_type":"it_book",
	"_source":{
		"date":"2007-06-01",
		"author":"[美] Bruce Eckel",
		"price":109.0,
		"name":"Java编程思想(第4版)",
		"publisher":"机械工业出版社",
		"category":"编程语言",
		"tags":[
			"Java",
			"编程语言"
		]
	},
	"_id":"1",
	"_score":1.0
}

谷歌Gson

引用Gson对应的Pom文件

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
    <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.4</version>
</dependency>

示例代码

public static void main(String[] args) {
    
    String jsonString = "{\"_index\":\"book_shop\",\"_type\":\"it_book\",\"_id\":\"1\",\"_score\":1.0," +
            "\"_source\":{\"name\": \"Java编程思想(第4版)\",\"author\": \"[美] Bruce Eckel\",\"category\": \"编程语言\"," +
            "\"price\": 109.0,\"publisher\": \"机械工业出版社\",\"date\": \"2007-06-01\",\"tags\": [ \"Java\", \"编程语言\" ]}}";
	
	String pretty = toPrettyFormat(jsonString)
	
	System.out.println(pretty);
}
 
/**
 * 格式化输出JSON字符串
 * @return 格式化后的JSON字符串
 */
private static String toPrettyFormat(String json) {
	JsonParser jsonParser = new JsonParser();
	JsonObject jsonObject = jsonParser.parse(json).getAsJsonObject();
	Gson gson = new GsonBuilder().setPrettyPrinting().create();
	return gson.toJson(jsonObject);
}

输出验证

//Gson使用2个空格作为换行后的格式转换。
{
  "_index": "book_shop",
  "_type": "it_book",
  "_id": "1",
  "_score": 1.0,
  "_source": {
    "name": "Java编程思想(第4版)",
    "author": "[美] Bruce Eckel",
    "category": "编程语言",
    "price": 109.0,
    "publisher": "机械工业出版社",
    "date": "2007-06-01",
    "tags": [
      "Java",
      "编程语言"
    ]
  }
}

 

 

发表评论